GALFAN 1 A galvanized product coated with 95% free zinc, 5% aluminum and traces of mish metal in the coating; provides extra corrosion protection with lighter coating weight; has improved formability over regular free zinc coatings (hot dipped galvanized regular products). ****
GALVANEAL COATING 1 Coatings on hot-dipped galvanized steels processed to convert the coating completely to zinc- iron alloys; dull gray in appearance, have no spangle, and after proper preparation, are well suited for painting. ****
GALVANIZE COATINGS 1 Free zinc coatings applied to a hot-rolled or cold-rolled steel to produce Galvanized steel. The coating can be applied by the hot-dip or electrodeposition process. ****
GALVANIZED STEEL Steel coated with a thin layer of zinc to provide corrosion resistance in underbody auto parts, garbage cans, storage tanks, or fencing wire. Sheet steel normally must be cold-rolled prior to the galvanizing stage.
Hot-Dipped Steel is run through a molten zinc coating bath, followed by an air stream “wipe” that controls the thickness of the zinc finish.
Electrogalvanized Zinc plating process whereby the molecules on the positively charged zinc anode attach to the negatively charged sheet steel. The thickness of the zinc coating is readily controlled. By increasing the electric charge or slowing the speed of the steel through the plating area, the coating will thicken.
Differences Electrogalvanizing equipment is more expensive to build and to operate than hot dipped, but it gives the steelmaker more precise control over the weight of the zinc coating. The automotive manufacturers, because they need the superior welding, forming, and painting ability of electrogalvanized steel, purchase 90% of all tonnage produced. ****
GALVALUME® Steel sheet with a unique coating of 55% aluminum and 45% zinc that resists corrosion. The coating is applied in a continuous hot-dipped process, which improves the steel’s weather resistance. Galvalume® is a trademark of BHP Steel, and the product is popular in the metal building market. ****
GALVANNEALED 1 An extra tight coat of galvanizing metal (zinc) applied to a soft steel sheet, after which the sheet is passed through an oven at about 1200 degrees F. The resulting coat is dull gray without spangle especially suited for subsequent painting. ****
GAUGE The thickness of sheet steel. Better-quality steel has a consistent gauge to prevent weak spots or deformation. ****
GIGAJOULE 2 A measure of energy. A GigaJoule equals 1,000,000,000 Joules. A 100-watt light bulb turned on for one second consumes 100 Joules. ****
GRINDING 3 Involves grinding the top and/or bottom of carbon or alloy steel plate or bars into close tolerance. ****
GREENFIELD FACILITY New metalmaking complex that is built “from scratch,” presumably on a green field. ****